Stein, T., & Peelen, M. V. (accepted). Dissociating conscious and unconscious influences on visual detection effects. Nature Human Behaviour. Preprint

Stein, T., Kaiser, D., Fahrenfort, J. J., & van Gaal, S. (2020, November 11). Processing of subjectively and objectively invisible stimuli in human visual cortex. bioRxiv. Link

Lanfranco, R. C., Stein, T., Rabagliati, H., & Carmel, D. (2020, November 6). Dissociating perceptual sensitivity from decisional factors in unconscious processing of face orientation and gaze direction. PsyArXiv. Link

Stein, T., Ciorli, T., & Otten, M. (2020, October 11). Guns are not faster to enter awareness after seeing a Black face: Absence of race-priming in a gun/tool task during continuous flash suppression. PsyArXiv. Link

Stein, T., & Verosky, S. (2020, October 6). No effect of value learning on awareness and attention for faces: Evidence from continuous flash suppression and the attentional blink. PsyArXiv. Link


Pinto, Y., & Stein, T. (2020). The hard problem makes the easy problems hard – a reply to Doerig et al. Cognitive Neuroscience. Proofs

Stein, T., Tyack, L., & Verosky, S. (2020). Sorry, baby: Infant faces reach awareness more slowly than adult faces. Emotion. PDF

Stein, T., Utz, V., & van Opstal, F. (2020). Unconscious semantic priming from pictures under backward masking and continuous flash suppression. Consciousness and Cognition. PDF

Kaliuzhna, M., Stein, T., Sterzer, P., & Seymour, K. J. (2020). Examining motion speed processing in schizophrenia using the flash lag illusion. Schizophrenia Research: Cognition. PDF


Stein, T. (2019). The breaking continuous flash suppression paradigm: Review, evaluation, and outlook. In G. Hesselmann (Ed.), Transitions between Consciousness and Unconsciousness (pp. 1–38). London: Routledge. PDF

Moors, P., Gayet, S., Hedger, N., Stein, T., Sterzer, P., van Ee, R., Wagemans, J., & Hesselmann, G. (2019). Three criteria for evaluating high-level processing in continuous flash suppression. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 23, 267–269. PDF

Caruana, N., Stein, T., Watson, T., Williams, M., & Seymour, K. J. (2019). Intact prioritisation of unconscious face processing in schizophrenia. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 24, 135–151. PDF

Kaliuszhna, M., Stein, T., Rusch, T., Sekutowicz, M., Sterzer, P., & Seymour, K. J. (2019). No evidence for abnormal priors in early vision in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 210, 245–254. PDF

Gayet, S., Stein, T., & Peelen, M. V. (2019). The danger of interpreting detection differences between image categories: A brief comment on mind the snake: Fear detection relies on low spatial frequencies (Gomes, Soares, Silva, & Silva, 2018). Emotion, 19, 928–932. PDF

Jusyte, A., Stein, T., Schönenberg, M. (2019). Fear processing deficit in violent offenders: Intact attentional guidance but impaired explicit categorization. Psychology of Violence, 9, 308–318. PDF


Stein, T., Awad, D., Gayet, S., & Peelen, M. V. (2018). Unconscious processing of facial dominance: The role of low-level factors in access to awareness. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 147, e1–e13. PDF

Seymour, K., Stein, T., Clifford, C. W., & Sterzer, P. (2018). Cortical suppression in human primary visual cortex predicts individual differences in illusory tilt perception. Journal of Vision, 18(11):3, 1–10. Link


Sun, Y.*,  Stein, T., Liu, W., Ding, X., & Nie, Q. (2017). Biphasic attentional orienting triggered by invisible social signals. Cognition, 168, 129–139. PDF

Gayet, S., & Stein, T. (2017). Between-subject variability in the breaking continuous flash suppression paradigm: Potential causes, consequences, and solutions. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 437. Link

Stein, T., Grubb, C., Betrand, M., Suh, S. M., & Verosky, S. C. (2017). No impact of affective person knowledge on visual awareness: Evidence from binocular rivalry and continuous flash suppression. Emotion, 17, 1199–1207. PDF

Battistoni, E., Stein, T., & Peelen, M. V. (2017). Preparatory attention in visual cortex. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1396, 92–107. PDF

Stein, T., & Peelen, M. V. (2017). Object detection in natural scenes: Independent effects of spatial and category-based attention. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 79, 738–752. PDF

Papeo, L., Stein, T., & Soto-Faraco, S. (2017). The two-body inversion effect. Psychological Science, 28, 369–379. PDF


Rabovsky, M., Stein, T., & Abdel Rahman, R. (2016). Access to awareness for faces during continuous flash suppression is not modulated by affective knowledge. PLoS ONE, 11(4):e0150931. Link

Stein, T., Kaiser, D., & Hesselmann, G. (2016). Can working memory be non-conscious? Neuroscience of Consciousness, 1, 1–3. Link

Stein, T., Siebold, A., & van Zoest, W. (2016). Testing the idea of privileged awareness of self-relevant information. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 42, 303-307. PDF

Seymour, K., Rhodes, G., Stein, T., & Langdon, R. (2016). Intact unconscious processing of eye contact in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research: Cognition, 3, 15-19. PDF

Stein, T., Reeder, R. R., & Peelen, M. V. (2016). Privileged access to awareness for faces and objects of expertise. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 42, 788-789. PDF

Reeder, R. R., Stein, T., & Peelen, M. V. (2016). Perceptual expertise improves category detection in natural scenes. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23, 172-179. PDF


Moors, P., Stein, T., Wagemans, J., & van Ee, R. (2015). Serial correlations in continuous flash suppression. Neuroscience of Consciousness, 1, 1–10. Link

Stein, T., & Peelen, M. V. (2015). Content-specific expectations enhance stimulus detectability by increasing perceptual sensitivity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144, 1089-1104. PDF

Akechi, H., Stein, T., Kikuchi, Y., Tojo, Y., Osanai, H., & Hasegawa, T. (2015). Preferential awareness of protofacial stimuli in autism. Cognition, 143, 129-134. PDF

Stein, T., Kaiser, D., & Peelen, M. V. (2015). Interobject grouping facilitates visual awareness. Journal of Vision, 15(8):10, 1-11. Link

Kaiser, D., Stein, T., & Peelen, M. V. (2015). Real-world spatial regularities affect visual working memory for objects. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 22, 1784-1790. PDF

Stein, T., Thoma, V., & Sterzer, P. (2015). Priming of object detection under continuous flash suppression depends on attention but not on part-whole configuration. Journal of Vision, 15(3):15, 1-11. Link


Stein, T., End, A., & Sterzer, P. (2014). Own-race and own-age biases facilitate visual awareness of faces under interocular suppression. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 582. Link

Kaiser, D., Stein, T., & Peelen, M. V. (2014). Object grouping based on real-world regularities facilitates perception by reducing competitive interactions in visual cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 111, 11217-11222. PDF

Akechi, H., Stein, T., Senju, A., Kikuchi, Y., Tojo, Y., Osanai, H., & Hasegawa, T. (2014). Absence of preferential unconscious processing of eye contact in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Autism Research, 7, 590-597. PDF

Sterzer, P., Stein, T., Ludwig, K., Rothkirch, M., & Hesselmann, G. (2014). Neural processing of visual information under interocular suppression: A critical review. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 453. Link

Stein, T., & Sterzer, P. (2014). Unconscious processing under interocular suppression: Getting the right measure. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 387. Link

Stein, T., Seymour, K., Hebart, M. N., & Sterzer, P. (2014). Rapid fear detection relies on high spatial frequencies. Psychological Science, 25, 566-574. PDF


Seymour, K., Stein, T., Sanders, L. L. O., Guggenmos, M., Theophil, I., & Sterzer, P. (2013). Altered contextual modulation of primary visual cortex responses in schizophrenia. Neuropsychopharmacology, 38, 2607-2612. PDF


Stein, T., Sterzer, P., & Peelen, M. V. (2012). Privileged detection of conspecifics: Evidence from inversion effects during continuous flash suppression. Cognition, 125, 64-79. PDF

Rothkirch, M., Stein, T., Sekutowicz, M., & Sterzer, P. (2012). A direct oculomotor correlate of unconscious visual processing. Current Biology, 22, R514-R515. Link

Stein, T., Peelen, M. V., & Sterzer, P. (2012). Eye gaze adaptation under interocular suppression. Journal of Vision, 12(7):1, 1-17. Link

Stein, T., & Sterzer, P. (2012). Not just another face in the crowd: Detecting emotional schematic faces during continuous flash suppression. Emotion, 12, 988-996. PDF


Stein, T., Peelen, M. V., & Sterzer, P. (2011). Adults' awareness of faces follows newborns' looking preferences. PLoS ONE, 6(12), e29361. Link

Stein, T., Hebart, M. N., & Sterzer, P. (2011). Breaking continuous flash suppression: A new measure of unconscious processing during interocular suppression? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 5, 167. Link

Stein, T., & Sterzer, P. (2011). High-level face shape adaptation depends on visual awareness: Evidence from continuous flash suppression. Journal of Vision, 11(8):5, 1-14. Link

Stein, T., Senju, A., Peelen, M. V., & Sterzer, P. (2011). Eye contact facilitates awareness of faces during interocular suppression. Cognition, 119, 307-311. PDF


Stein, T., Peelen, M. V., Funk, J., & Seidl, K. N. (2010). The fearful-face advantage is modulated by task demands: Evidence from the attentional blink. Emotion, 10, 136-140. PDF

Stein, T., Zwickel, J., Kitzmantel, M., Ritter, J., & Schneider, W. X. (2010). Irrelevant words trigger an attentional blink. Experimental Psychology, 57, 301-307. PDF


Schroeter, M. L., Stein, T., Maslowski, N., & Neumann, J. (2009). Neural correlates of Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment: A systematic and quantitative meta-analysis involving 1351 patients. Neuroimage, 47, 1196-1206. PDF

Stein, T., Zwickel, J., Ritter, J., Kitzmantel, M., & Schneider, W. X. (2009). The effect of fearful faces on the attentional blink is task dependent. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16, 104-109. PDF